|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]吕相宇,代华明,邱东阳,等.硬脂酸粉着火敏感性影响因素及惰化研究*[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2022,18(8):178-182.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2022.08.026]
 LYU Xiangyu,DAI Huaming,QIU Dongyang,et al.Study on influencing factors of ignition sensitivity and inerting of stearic acid dust[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2022,18(8):178-182.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2022.08.026]
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硬脂酸粉着火敏感性影响因素及惰化研究*
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《中国安全生产科学技术》[ISSN:1673-193X/CN:11-5335/TB]

卷:
18
期数:
2022年8期
页码:
178-182
栏目:
职业安全卫生管理与技术
出版日期:
2022-08-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
Study on influencing factors of ignition sensitivity and inerting of stearic acid dust
文章编号:
1673-193X(2022)-08-0178-05
作者:
吕相宇代华明邱东阳陈先锋刘丽娟黄楚原
(武汉理工大学 安全科学与应急管理学院,湖北 武汉 430070)
Author(s):
LYU Xiangyu DAI Huaming QIU Dongyang CHEN Xianfeng LIU Lijuan HUANG Chuyuan
(School of Safety Science and Emergency Management,Wuhan University of Technology,Wuhan Hubei 430070,China)
关键词:
硬脂酸粉尘云最低着火温度质量浓度分散压力惰性粉体质量分数
Keywords:
stearic acid dust cloud Minimum Ignition Temperature(MIT) mass concentration dispersive pressure mass fraction of inert dust
分类号:
X932
DOI:
10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2022.08.026
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为预防和减轻硬脂酸粉加工、储存和运输过程中的燃爆危害,采用Godbert-Greenwald恒温炉分别研究质量浓度、分散压力、惰性粉体质量分数对硬脂酸粉尘云最低着火温度的影响规律。研究结果表明:硬脂酸粉尘云的最低着火温度随质量浓度和分散压力的增加先减小后增大,当质量浓度和分散压力分别为485.4 g/m3,15 kPa时,硬脂酸粉尘云最低着火温度达到最小;添加少量惰性粉体增大了硬脂酸粉尘云分散性,对硬脂酸粉尘云最低着火温度的降低起到促进作用;随惰性粉体质量分数的增加,硬脂酸粉尘云最低着火温度先迅速增大后增速变缓;SiO2通过物理作用抑制硬脂酸粉尘云燃烧,Al(OH)3除物理作用外还通过化学分解参与自由基碰撞,可有效提升硬脂酸粉尘云的最低着火温度。
Abstract:
In order to prevent and mitigate the deflagration hazard during the processing,storage and transportation processes of stearic acid dust,the Godbert-Greenwald constant temperature furnace was used to study the influence of mass concentration,dispersive pressure and mass fraction of inert dust on the minimum ignition temperature of stearic acid dust cloud,respectively.The results showed that the minimum ignition temperature of stearic acid dust cloud decreased first and then increased with the increase of mass concentration and dispersive pressure,and when the mass concentration and dispersive pressure were 485.4 g/m3 and 15 kPa respectively,the minimum ignition temperature of stearic acid dust cloud reached the minimum value.Adding a small amount of inert dust increased the dispersibility of stearic acid dust cloud and promoted the minimum ignition temperature of stearic acid dust cloud.As the mass fraction of inert dust increased,the minimum ignition temperature of stearic acid dust cloud increased rapidly first and then increased slowly.The SiO2 inhibited the combustion of stearic acid dust cloud through physical effect.In addition to physical effect,the Al(OH)3 participated in the free radical collision through chemical decomposition,which increased the minimum ignition temperature of stearic acid dust cloud effectively.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2021-07-22;网络首发日期: 2022-06-30
* 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(52104213,51774221);湖北省安全生产专项资金科技项目(KJZX202007004)
作者简介: 吕相宇,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为粉尘/气体防火防爆技术。
通信作者: 黄楚原,博士,副研究员,主要研究方向为工业热安全及应急技术。
更新日期/Last Update: 2022-09-19