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[1]刘杰,甘旭升,曲虹,等.基于系统理论事故模型与过程的危险性分析方法[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2015,11(11):137-143.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2015.11.023]
 LIU Jie,GAN Xu-sheng,QU Hong,et al.Hazard analysis method based on systems-theoretic accident model and process[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2015,11(11):137-143.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2015.11.023]
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基于系统理论事故模型与过程的危险性分析方法
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《中国安全生产科学技术》[ISSN:1673-193X/CN:11-5335/TB]

卷:
11
期数:
2015年11期
页码:
137-143
栏目:
职业安全卫生管理与技术
出版日期:
2015-11-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Hazard analysis method based on systems-theoretic accident model and process
文章编号:
1673-193X(2015)-11-0137-07
作者:
刘杰1甘旭升2曲虹2 戴喆2
1. 西京学院, 陕西 西安 710123; 2. 空军工程大学 空管领航学院, 陕西 西安 710051
Author(s):
LIU Jie1 GAN Xu-sheng2 QU Hong2 DAI Zhe2
1. Xijing College, Xi′an Shanxi 710123, China; 2. Air Traffic Control and Navigation College, Air Force Engineering University, Xi′an Shanxi 710051, China
关键词:
危险性分析方法涌现系统理论过程模型控制行为
Keywords:
hazard analysis method emergence system theory process model control action
分类号:
X928.03
DOI:
10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2015.11.023
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
传统危险性分析方法将事故视为开始事件诱发的一连串事件所造成的不幸后果,适于处理相对简单或由物理组件构成的系统,但无法胜 任较为复杂的社会技术系统,有必要研究和探索推广性更好、更为有效的系统安全分析手段。系统理论事故模型与过程(STAMP)将安全视为系 统组件间交互的一种涌现特性,并认为事故起因除了组件失效,组件间交互失常而违背安全约束也是重要诱因。主张在系统开发、设计和运行 中通过加强控制和强化有关安全约束来预防事故。基于此,先引入了STAMP的基本概念,并介绍了其分析步骤,然后,以贴近真实的导弹拦截系 统危险性分析案例,阐述了基于STAMP的分析过程。该分析方法可为开发较高安全性水平的社会技术系统提供技术支持。
Abstract:
The traditional hazard analysis method regards accident as the unfortunate consequence caused by a series of events that the start event induces. It is suitable for processing the system with simpler structure or constituted by the physical components, while it is not competent for more complex socio-technical systems. So it is necessary to study and explore the system safety analysis means with better generalization and effectiveness. Systems-theoretic accident model and process (STAMP) regards safety as an emergence property that is generated by interaction between the system components, and thinks that the disfunctional interaction between the system components leading to violation of safety constraints is also an important causation besides components failure. It advocates that accidents can be prevented by enhancing the control or enforcing the related safety constraints in the development, design and operation process of system. Based on this, firstly the basic concepts of STAMP and its analysis steps were introduced, then using the hazard analysis case for missile interception system, the analysis procedure based on STAMP was further elaborated. The analysis method can provide the technical support for the development of the socio-technical system with a higher safety level.

参考文献/References:

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[7]阳小华, 刘杰, 刘朝晖, 等. STAMP模型及其在核电厂DCS安全分析中的应用展望 [J]. 核安全, 2013, 12(3): 42-47 YANG Xiao-hua, LIU Jie, LIU Chao-hui, et al. STAMP model and its application prospect in DCS safety analysis of nuclear power plant [J]. Nuclear Safety, 2013, 12(3): 42-47
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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
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更新日期/Last Update: 2015-12-15